Vitamin B12 is an essential nutrient that is necessary for many bodily functions. A lack of vitamin B12 can lead to various health problems. In this article you will learn what causes a vitamin B12 deficiency can have, which symptoms can occur and how a vitamin B12 deficiency can be treated.
Causes of a vitamin B12 deficiency
A lack of vitamin B12 can have various causes. Some causes are:
- Vegetarian or vegan diet: Vitamin B12 is mainly found in foods of animal origin. Not eating animal products can lead to a deficiency.
- Gastrointestinal disorders: If the body has difficulty absorbing vitamin B12 from food, a deficiency can occur. This can be the case, for example, with gastrointestinal diseases such as Crohn's disease or celiac disease.
- Medications: Some medications, such as proton pump inhibitors or metformin, can interfere with the absorption of vitamin B12 .
- Alcoholism: Alcohol can interfere with the absorption of vitamin B12 .
Symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency
A lack of vitamin B12 can cause various symptoms. Some symptoms are
- tiredness and exhaustion
- pallor and weakness
- Numbness and tingling in hands and feet
- depression and mood swings
- memory and concentration disorders
Treatment of vitamin B12 deficiency
A vitamin B12 deficiency can be treated with a balanced diet or with vitamin B12 supplements. If the deficiency is caused by a gastrointestinal condition, treatment of the condition may be necessary.
A lack of vitamin B12 can lead to various health problems. In order to prevent a deficiency, it is important to pay attention to a balanced diet. If a deficiency occurs, it can be remedied by targeted treatment. If you notice symptoms of a vitamin B12 deficiency, you should consult a doctor to have the cause clarified.