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Dragon fruit is an exotic fruit from the tropics that has been gaining popularity lately. In this article, we're going to take a closer look at dragon fruit, where it comes from, what nutrients it contains, its health benefits, and how to use it in the kitchen. We will also see how to grow dragon fruit and finally we will summarize some key points to see why dragon fruit can be a good supplement.

I. History and Origin of Dragon Fruit

The dragon fruit is an exotic fruit from the tropical regions of Southeast Asia. Its scientific name is Hylocereus undatus. In Asia, the fruit is very popular and has been cultivated for many years. In the past, it was used as a delicacy and medicine in China.

The dragon fruit can grow to about 30 cm and is oval or pear-shaped. The outer shell is usually green, sometimes red, and covered with small sharp spines. Inside is a slightly yellowish fruit with a sweet and sour taste.

The name of the dragon fruit is derived from the Japanese words hiru and tatsu, which means something like "to sit on the back of a dragon". The name was chosen because the fruit resembles a dragon.

The dragon fruit is mainly grown in countries like Thailand, Malaysia, India, Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam. In the meantime, however, it is also available in many European countries.

Dragon fruit is rich in vitamins and minerals such as vitamins A , B and C, calcium, potassium and magnesium . It is also high in fiber and contains flavonoids, which are important for health. Also, the fruit is rich in antioxidants that can help fight oxidative stress.

Some scientific studies have shown that the fruit can reduce the risk of heart disease and help with weight loss. It can also help lower blood sugar levels and regulate cholesterol levels.

Origin of the dragon fruit

The original home of the dragon fruit or pitaya is South America, especially the tropical regions of Mexico, Bolivia and Venezuela. The fruit has been eaten there by the indigenous people for centuries. In recent years, the dragon fruit has also established itself in other regions, especially in Asia, but also in Europe and North America.

The fruits themselves grow on a plant native to the tropics and subtropics. It belongs to the cactus family and is also known as the prickly prickly pear cactus or prickly skull. The plant is perennial and can grow up to ten meters high. It can live up to 15 years before bearing fruit.

The dragon fruit has a very distinctive appearance consisting of multiple scales. The shell is usually light green and becomes leathery. It covers the elongated fruit and is covered with a light, spongy skin on the surface. The fruit juice is yellow-orange and has a sweet flavor reminiscent of a mix of apple, banana and strawberry.

Dragon fruit is one of the few fruits that can be picked ripe and eaten immediately. It is very tasty and refreshing and is ideal for fruit salads or smoothies. They also taste delicious in combination with other fruits. They are also rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber and are therefore also suitable as a healthy snack.

History of Dragon Fruit

The dragon fruit is an exotic fruit from South America that has been valued as a delicacy in many countries around the world for many years. Its history dates back to the 16th century when it was first cultivated in the Hawaiian Islands.

However, the origins of dragon fruit are not only found in the Hawaiian Islands. There is evidence that the fruit was first cultivated by the native peoples of South America. It was later brought to Hawaii by Portuguese and Spanish sailors and cultivated there.

The dragon fruit is also known under the names "Pitaya" or "Stenocereus" (dragon blood tree). Various varieties of the fruit are known around the world, including the stenocereus fruit, the sweet dragon fruit, the red pitaya, and the white pitaya. Each of these varieties differs in size, colour, flavor and texture.

The fruit is mostly grown in tropical and subtropical areas and thrives best in warm, humid climates. Many countries in South and Central America are known for growing the fruit, but Vietnam, China, Thailand and Indonesia are also among the countries where the fruit is grown.

Today, most people can buy dragon fruit from many supermarkets and specialty stores. The fruit is available in many different forms: fresh, frozen, dried, and juice. It contains many nutrients that are important for a healthy diet. That is why it is becoming increasingly popular and is a sought-after ingredient in many recipes.

II. Nutrients and Health Benefits of Dragon Fruit

Dragon fruit is an excellent source of many important nutrients. It contains many vitamins, minerals, fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acids. In addition, the dragon fruit is rich in fiber, which supports the body and promotes digestion.

Below you will find the nutritional values ​​​​of 100 grams of dragon fruit:


35 calories







Vitamin A

665 IU

Vitamin B6

0.3 mg

vitamin C

19.7 mg

vitamin E

0.1 mg

vitamin k



18 mg


0.5 mg


23 mg


27 mg


190 mg


1 mg


0.3 mg

In addition, dragon fruit is a good source of some important phytochemicals such as anthocyanins, tannins and carotenoids.

The nutritional composition of dragon fruit makes it an excellent fruit with various health benefits. The following details the health benefits of dragon fruit:

  • Reduces the Risk of Heart Disease: The healthy fats in dragon fruit may help reduce the risk of heart disease. Also, the fiber found in dragon fruit is important for maintaining healthy cholesterol levels.
  • Improves Digestion: The fiber found in dragon fruit can improve digestion and prevent constipation.
  • Lowers Blood Sugar Levels: The fruit contains more fiber than sugar, which causes blood sugar levels to rise more slowly and protects the body from harmful blood sugar spikes.

Dragon fruit nutrients

The dragon fruit, also called pitaya or dragon fruit, is an exotic fruit that is mainly grown in South and Central America. In addition to the tempting aroma and the bright red color of the fruit, it is above all the rich nutrients that make it so attractive.

A single dragon fruit contains about 4.5 grams of carbohydrates and 1.7 grams of fiber. While the carbohydrates provide a quick boost of energy, the fiber ensures a long-lasting feeling of satiety and healthy digestion.

In addition, the dragon fruit is rich in vitamins, trace elements and minerals. It contains

vitamin C

11.3 mg,

Vitamin B2

0.1 mg

vitamin E

0.7 mg


0.4 mg


20.8 mg


18 mg,


278 mg.

In addition, the dragon fruit contains valuable antioxidants that protect against oxidative stress and free radicals.

Dragon fruit is a good source of vitamin C and can therefore help to strengthen the immune system. A 100g serving of dragon fruit provides 11.3 mg of vitamin C , which is approximately 16% of the recommended daily allowance.

In addition, the dragon fruit is rich in minerals such as iron, magnesium and calcium.

Iron is important for blood formation and can prevent anemia. Magnesium is essential for muscle and nervous system function. Calcium is an important component of bones and teeth and helps to keep them healthy.

Health Benefits of Dragon Fruit

Rich in nutrients, dragon fruit offers numerous health benefits for the human body. Especially when consumed regularly in combination with other healthy foods, these health benefits can be amplified.

The nutrient and vitamin content of dragon fruit is incredibly high. For example, the fruit contains vitamin C , vitamin B6, vitamin A, beta-carotene, magnesium, phosphorus, iron and calcium. The fruit also contains valuable antioxidants that can protect the body from harmful free radicals.

Dragon fruit health benefits include

  • Immune System Support: Since the fruit contains many vitamins and other nutrients, it can boost the immune system and protect the body from infection and disease.
  • Improving Heart Health: The high levels of vitamin C and antioxidants in dragon fruit help lower cholesterol and strengthen blood vessels, which ultimately help reduce the risk of serious heart disease.
  • Weight Loss: Dragon fruit is high in fiber, so it can help with weight loss as it makes you feel full faster and makes you feel full longer.
  • Supporting Skin Health: The vitamins and minerals found in dragon fruit help keep skin healthy and glowing.
  • Improving Digestion: The fruit's high fiber content may also aid in digestion by relieving constipation and improving gut health .

How dragon fruit fits into a healthy diet

Dragon fruit is an exotic fruit native to the tropical regions of South America and Asia that is growing in popularity for its delicious flavor and rich nutritional value. But how can dragon fruit be integrated into a healthy diet?

Dragon fruit is an excellent source of important vitamins and minerals such as vitamin A , vitamin C and iron. It is also high in fiber and contains a significant amount of essential fatty acids. These vitamins and minerals help the body get all the nutrients it needs to function well. The dietary fibers found in dragon fruit also help maintain a healthy body weight.

Dragon fruit is also rich in antioxidants, which protect the body from harmful free radicals, slow down the aging process and prevent cell and tissue damage. In addition, dragon fruit has been shown to help lower blood lipid levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.

To reap the health benefits of dragon fruit, try to include it in your diet on a regular basis. One option is to use dragon fruit in salads, desserts or smoothies. You can also enjoy dragon fruit raw or as a healthy snack between meals.

III. Using the dragon fruit in the kitchen

The dragon fruit is an exotic fruit that is good for preparing various dishes. When preparing it, it is important to know how to peel the fruit and remove the pits and seeds.

Due to its sweet taste, the dragon fruit is particularly suitable for making jams and marmalades. Because of the high fructose content, however, you should only consume small amounts.

Dragon fruit can also be used in cakes, desserts and other treats. The candied pulp is often used to make cookies, cake crumbs, and other sweets. Dragon fruit can also be used in various desserts such as ice cream, cakes, cotton candy and yogurt.

Dragon fruit can also be used in healthy recipes. You can add them to smoothies, salads and yoghurts, for example. It is also excellent for marinating and as an accompaniment to fish and meat dishes.

Dragon fruit has a unique and interesting taste, which is why it is worth using it in the preparation of various dishes. In combination with other exotic fruits such as pineapple, kiwi or papaya, particularly delicious and interesting taste experiences can be created.

Selection and storage of dragon fruit

Choosing and storing dragon fruit is an important step in enjoying this exotic fruit. When choosing dragon fruit, one should pay attention to color, texture, and smell. Dragon fruit that is ripe or slightly overripe is best. A ripe fruit feels light but firm and smells sweet. If the fruit is too soft, it is overripe and should not be bought.

Storing the dragon fruit is also very important. It is best to store them in a cool and dry place. It keeps best at room temperature. The dragon fruit should not be stored in the refrigerator, otherwise it will shrink and lose its consistency and taste. Dragon fruit can also be frozen, but freezing changes the texture and flavor.

Dragon fruit should be consumed immediately after purchase. If it is to be stored for several days, it should be stored in an airtight container in a kitchen cupboard. The kitchen cupboard is the best place to store the fruit in an airtight container so it doesn't leak or spoil. If stored too long, the fruit can become moldy and develop an unpleasant odor.

To get the most out of dragon fruit, you should follow the steps mentioned above. So you can enjoy this exotic fruit to the fullest.

Slice and eat dragon fruit

Slicing and eating dragon fruit is an easy and delicious way to enjoy this exotic fruit. The many nutrients and vitamins in dragon fruit make it a healthy and nutritious snack. We show you how to cut and eat the dragon fruit.

First of all, it is important to know that dragon fruit is a very hard fruit. That's why it's important to trim them properly. Wash and dry the fruit first. Use a sharp knife to cut the fruit by poking the center of the fruit with the tip of the knife. Then cut the fruit in half. Then you can separate the halves with a spoon or other tool.

With half a dragon fruit in hand, scrape off the white skin with a knife or spoon. In addition to the shell, you must also remove the black seeds. Once the fruit is peeled, you can shred and cut it into bite-sized pieces if you like.

If you want to eat the dragon fruit, you have several options. You can eat the fruit chunks on their own or mix them into a salad or other meal. You can also freeze them and make them into a smoothie.

Dragon fruit is packed with nutrients and vitamins, including vitamins A, B, C, and E, making it a healthy snack and a great addition to your diet. Enjoy the exotic fruit and its many benefits!

Dragon fruit recipes

The dragon fruit is an exotic fruit from South America with a unique aroma. It is very versatile and can be used in many different recipes. Here are some recipes you can try to have unforgettable dragon fruit flavor experiences.

  • Dragon Fruit Smoothie : This delicious smoothie is a great way to enjoy the flavor of dragon fruit. For the smoothie you need half a dragon fruit, a banana, a glass of milk and a glass of yoghurt. Put all the ingredients in a blender and serve the smoothie cold.
  • Dragon Fruit Ice Cream : This is one of the easiest dragon fruit ice cream recipes. All you need is half a dragon fruit, a glass of yogurt and a glass of milk. Blend all the ingredients in a blender and pour the mixture into an ice cream mold. Place in the freezer for a few hours before serving.
  • Dragon Fruit Cake : This recipe requires half a dragon fruit, a glass of milk, a glass of sugar, a glass of flour and a packet of baking powder. Mix all ingredients in a bowl and pour into a buttered cake pan. Bake the cake at 180°C for 15-20 minutes.
  • Dragon Fruit Strawberry Cake : This recipe is a delicious twist on dragon fruit cake. Take half a dragon fruit, a glass of milk, a glass of sugar, a glass of flour and a packet of baking powder. Mix all ingredients in a bowl and pour into a buttered cake pan. Add chopped strawberries before baking. Bake the cake at 180°C for 15-20 minutes.

IV. Tips for growing dragon fruit

Dragon fruit is an exotic fruit grown in warm and tropical climates. It has an interesting texture and unique taste. If you're trying to grow her yourself, there are a few tips to keep in mind.

To get the best results from growing dragon fruit, you first need to create the right conditions. The dragon fruit thrives best in relatively low humidity and a temperature between 25 and 30 °C. However, it prefers a constant climate so that the plants can develop well. Harvesting should be done early in the morning when the fruit is at its freshest.

In order for the dragon fruit to thrive, the right soil must also be chosen. It prefers sandy or loamy soils, but should not be grown on very hot or slightly saline soils. It needs a lot of water, so make sure the soil is always moist.

A healthy plant is more susceptible to pests. To keep them from being attacked by insects or other animals, you should regularly treat them with an organic insecticide. It's also important to regularly check for pests and remove infested leaves to prevent spread.

With the right conditions and care, you will get the best results from your dragon fruit grow.

V. Summary

Also known as pitaya or physalis peruviana, dragon fruit is a fruit native to South America, Asia, and Africa. Dragon fruit is one of the healthiest fruits to eat as it is rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber.

Dragon fruit contains a number of important nutrients, including vitamin C , calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium and vitamin B6. It also contains some non-nutritive but beneficial substances such as polyphenols, antioxidants and bio-alkaloids. The fruit also contains some phytochemicals, including xanthones, beta-carotene, and triterpenes.

Dragon fruit is an excellent source of fiber, which makes it very useful for people looking to lower their cholesterol levels. It can also help improve digestion, boost the immune system, and reduce inflammation. Many tests have shown that dragon fruit can also reduce the symptoms of diabetes.

One of my favorite meals is a fruit salad made with fresh dragon fruit and other fruits like bananas and oranges. I also add psyllium husk and other fiber to get the most out of my fruit salad. I experience the positive effects of a regular serving of dragon fruit and see how my body responds to it.

the essentials in brief

Dragon fruit is a tropical fruit that grows wild in many parts of South America and Asia. It's a popular and exciting ingredient in smoothies, drinks, and even desserts. The fruit has a unique combination of sweet and sour flavors and texture that makes eating a pleasure.

But it's not just the delicious flavors that make dragon fruit such a wonderful ingredient. It is also an excellent source of vitamins and nutrients that we need for a healthy and balanced life. These include vitamin A , vitamin C and folic acid. The fruit is also rich in various fibers that aid in digestion.

In addition, dragon fruit can help boost the immune system by reducing inflammation. This is due to their high antioxidant content. These substances effectively protect the body from harmful free radicals that occur in our body.

I tried the dragon fruit myself and it's really a unique experience. It leaves a sweet and sour taste in the mouth and a unique, creamy texture. I love mixing them into my smoothies for a refreshed start to the day.

All in all, dragon fruit is a refreshing ingredient that not only tastes great, but is also rich in vitamins, nutrients, and antioxidants. This makes them a valuable part of a healthy diet.

Why the dragon fruit can be a good dietary supplement

Dragon fruit is an exotic fruit native to South America and Southeast Asia. It is rich in vitamin C , vitamin B6, vitamin A, iron, calcium and magnesium . These nutrients make dragon fruit an ideal dietary supplement for many people.

One of the healthiest aspects of dragon fruit is its high vitamin C content. This vitamin has an antioxidant effect and protects the body's cells from damage caused by free radicals. It is also necessary to protect the cells of the immune system and to strengthen the immune system. Vitamin C also helps in wound healing.

Another valuable nutrient found in dragon fruit is vitamin B6. This vitamin is important for converting protein, carbohydrates and fats into energy . It is also required for the production of neurotransmitters responsible for communication between the brain and body. Vitamin B6 also regulates mood and curbs appetite.

Dragon fruit is also rich in vitamin A , iron, calcium and magnesium. Vitamin A is important for healthy skin, the immune system, vision and bone structure. Iron contributes to blood formation by transporting oxygen throughout the body. Calcium and magnesium are important for building and maintaining bones and teeth.

Due to its high nutrient content, dragon fruit is an unmatched addition to the daily diet. It's a healthy and tasty option for anyone wanting a balanced diet.

Frequently asked questions about dragon fruit

What is the difference between red and white dragon fruit?

The main difference between red and white dragon fruit is the color of the flesh and the taste. Red dragon fruit flesh is reddish-pink and sweeter than white dragon fruit flesh, which is white and less sweet.

Is dragon fruit good for the skin?

Yes, dragon fruit is good for the skin as it is rich in antioxidants and vitamin C. Antioxidants protect skin cells from free radicals and vitamin C is important for the production of collagen, which keeps the skin elastic.

Can you eat dragon fruit during pregnancy?

Yes, dragon fruit is safe to eat during pregnancy as long as it is prepared hygienically and consumed in moderation. Dragon fruit is a good source of fiber and vitamin C , which are important for the health of both mother and child during pregnancy.

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