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Manuka honey

I. Introduction

Manuka honey can be found in many households today, but what is Manuka honey actually? Manuka honey is obtained from the flowers of the Manuka bush in New Zealand. In this article, we tell our readers everything they need to know about Manuka honey, including its ingredients, origin, uses, and possible health benefits and risks. Read on and find out more about Manuka honey!

Definition of Manuka Honey

Manuka honey is a very special honey that is only produced in New Zealand. It is a single-flower honey of special quality that is obtained exclusively from the nectar of the Manuka flower. This flowering plant from the myrtle family grows exclusively in New Zealand and produces a unique quality of honey every year.

Manuka honey is rich in ingredients that give it unique properties. This includes

  • Methylglyoxal (MGO): Methylglyoxal is an ingredient responsible for the unique taste and aroma of Manuka honey. It is also the key ingredient that gives Manuka honey its unique value.
  • Resin: Manuka honey also contains very large amounts of resin, which gives it its characteristic consistency. The resin protects the nectar from environmental influences and provides other important ingredients.
  • Amino Acids : Manuka honey contains some amino acids that help strengthen the body.
  • Enzymes: Manuka honey also contains some enzymes that help the body absorb and process nutrients better.
  • Vitamins and Minerals: Manuka honey contains some vitamins and minerals that contribute to overall health.

Why is Manuka honey so popular?

Manuka honey is the most popular honey and is known for its special properties that distinguish it from other types of honey. Why is Manuka honey so popular?

Manuka honey is a natural product made from the nectar of the Manuka flower, which is only found in New Zealand. Many people prefer this honey because it offers a number of health benefits. In addition, Manuka honey has a complex aroma and is known for its multi-faceted, sweet and spicy taste.

Manuka honey contains a remarkable level of bioactive ingredients, making it a natural remedy that can help with certain health problems. Bioactive ingredients include enzymes with antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. These enzymes help kill bacteria and protect the body from pathogens. They also help keep metabolism going and improve digestion.

Manuka honey is also known for its antioxidant properties. Antioxidants help fight free radicals, which in turn helps reduce the risk of a number of diseases. Manuka honey also helps protect the body from oxidative stress and strengthen the immune system .

Manuka honey is a unique product valued by many people around the world. It offers numerous health benefits and is a natural remedy that can help with various health problems.

II. Production and composition of Manuka honey

Manuka honey is obtained from the molasses of the Manuka bush, which is processed into honey in special beehives. Manuka honey consists of the same types of sugar as other flower honeys, but also contains some active ingredients that distinguish it from other types of honey. These include methylglyoxal (MGO), hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and dihydroxyacetone (DHA). These active ingredients ensure that Manuka honey can develop its antibacterial effect.

Where does Manuka honey come from?

Manuka honey is obtained from the flowers of the Manuka bush, which is mainly found in New Zealand. Manuka honey has always been known for its health-promoting properties that naturally affect the body. The Manuka bush (Leptospermum scoparium) is an important plant in the New Zealand bushland and is also called the tea tree. It is one of the few plants that only occurs in New Zealand.

Manuka honey is obtained from the special flowers of the Manuka bush, which are characterized by a unique, compact structure. The flowers are known for their unique sweet taste and high content of natural antibacterial ingredients. These antibacterial ingredients make Manuka honey a popular active ingredient in medicine and cosmetics.

The bees collect nectar from the beautiful flowers of the manuka bush. The nectar contains many important nutrients and vitamins that have a positive effect on the body. The bees collect the nectar from the flowers and transport it to their hive. There the nectar is processed and ultimately becomes Manuka honey.

Manuka honey is available in different quality levels. The highest quality level is called monofloral and contains the nectar of a single flower. This makes this honey particularly rich in antibacterial ingredients and therefore very valuable.

How is Manuka honey obtained?

Manuka honey is obtained exclusively from the nectar of the Manuka flower, which grows in the forests and pastures of New Zealand. The bees collect the nectar and bring it back to the hive where they produce honey. The color of Manuka honey varies depending on the flower from which it was collected. It can range from light brown to dark brown to black.

In order to determine the unique properties of Manuka honey, numerous quality controls must be carried out. Only then is the honey provided with quality certificates that enable the consumer to assess the quality of the honey.

To evaluate Manuka honey, it is examined for a number of parameters, including the content of methyglyoxal (MGO), antibacterial potential, the amount of amino acids , enzymes, minerals and vitamins contained in the honey, as well as the ratio of water to sugar. All these parameters together create the NPA value - a measure of the overall value of honey, which determines how healthy and valuable it is.

Manuka honey with an NPA score of 8 or higher is considered high quality honey because it contains a wider range of beneficial nutrients and has a longer shelf life than other types of honey.

Ingredients of Manuka honey

Manuka honey is a type of honey made from the nectar of the Manuka flower in New Zealand. It has been known for its healing properties for centuries and is used all over the world. But what does Manuka honey contain?

Manuka honey contains a unique composition of nutrients that make it so valuable. These include vitamins, minerals, amino acids , enzymes and of course sugar. The proportion of the different vitamins can vary depending on the origin of the honey. Some of the nutrients contained in Manuka honey are

  • Amino Acids : Manuka honey is an excellent source of various essential amino acids such as alanine, arginine , glutamic acid, glycine, histidine , lysine, phenylalanine, proline, tyrosine and valine.
  • Minerals: Manuka honey contains some essential minerals such as potassium , magnesium , calcium, phosphorus and zinc . It also contains trace elements such as manganese, copper, boron and iron.
  • Vitamins: Manuka honey contains a variety of vitamins including vitamin A , vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin C , vitamin E , vitamin K and folic acid.
  • Enzymes: Manuka honey contains several important enzymes including amylase, invertase, diastase, catalase and glucose oxidase. These enzymes play an important role in digestion and the release of nutrients from food.

Difference between Manuka honey and conventional honey

The difference between Manuka honey and regular honey is that Manuka honey is obtained from the flowers of the New Zealand Manuka bush. Manuka honey has a special taste and unique ingredients that distinguish it from regular honey.

The main difference between Manuka honey and regular honey is that Manuka honey has a higher phenolic acid content. Phenolic acid is an organic compound that occurs naturally in some foods. This substance has antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. These properties make Manuka honey a special and valuable natural product.

The phenolic acid content in Manuka honey depends on the floral source of the honey and the ripening time. Therefore, Manuka honey is usually more expensive than traditional honey.

There are other differences between Manuka honey and regular honey. Here is a comparison:


Manuka honey

Conventional honey

Flower source

New Zealand manuka bush

different types of flowers

phenolic acid



The taste

more intense, spicier, sweeter


dark yellow to reddish brown

light yellow to golden brown

ripening time




more expensive


III. Health Benefits of Manuka Honey

Manuka honey is a special honey that is obtained from the flowers of the Manuka bush in New Zealand. This honey is rich in nutrients and contains many antioxidant compounds and enzymes that make it a valuable food. The nutrients contained in Manuka honey support the immune system and can help improve overall health. Some studies suggest that honey could be a potential miracle cure for reducing the risk of certain diseases and improving overall health. Manuka honey is said to have, among other things, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, promote digestion, treat wounds and relieve allergies and asthma. Manuka honey may also help reduce the risk of certain heart diseases and lower cholesterol . Manuka honey is a natural food and its properties make it a healthy and useful product.

Antibacterial properties of Manuka honey

Manuka honey is a natural antibiotic from New Zealand that has been proven effective against bacteria, viruses and fungal infections. Its unique antibacterial properties make it a popular alternative to antibiotics.

Why is Manuka honey known for its antibacterial effects? Manuka honey contains potentially antibacterial and antimicrobial agents, including nonperoxide activity (NPA) and methylglyoxal (MGO). Some studies have shown that these two substances are more effective than other antibiotics, especially against dangerous and resistant strains of bacteria.

Nonperoxide activity, also called Unique Manuka Factor (UMF®), is a special quality of Manuka honey that distinguishes it from other types of honey. This substance has a strong antibacterial effect against a variety of bacteria, including Escherichia coli (E. coli), Staphylococcus aureus (Staph infection) and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). One study showed that Manuka honey, with a UMF of 10, had significantly higher antimicrobial activity against E. coli than other types of honey.

Methylglyoxal is another natural antioxidant found in Manuka honey. Like NPA, MGO also has strong antibacterial activity against a variety of bacterial strains, including Salmonella, Klebsiella and Streptococcus. A study has shown that Manuka honey with an MGO content of 100 mg/kg is more effective against dangerous bacterial strains than other types of honey.

Manuka honey for sore throats and colds

Manuka honey is an effective remedy for cold symptoms. There are many different types of Manuka honey, but all are very helpful for sore throats and colds. The honey is rich in natural antioxidants and has antibacterial properties that help relieve the symptoms of a cold.

Manuka honey relieves sore throats and colds in a variety of ways. First, the warmth of honey helps relax the muscles in the throat, which immediately relieves pain. Secondly, Manuka honey contains natural antioxidants and antibacterial properties that help fight infections. And finally, Manuka honey contains a combination of vitamins, minerals and amino acids that are important for the body's regeneration.

Consuming Manuka honey can provide significant relief from sore throats and colds. It is possible that Manuka honey speeds up the healing process and relieves symptoms. The European Food Safety Authority has officially recognized Manuka honey as an agent to fight infections and support wound healing.

To get the most benefit from Manuka honey, it should be added to warm drinks or applied directly to affected areas. Because of its antibacterial properties, it is important to use a clean spoon, spatula, or napkin to eat or apply the honey. Manuka honey should also be purchased as fresh as possible for maximum effectiveness.

Manuka honey for wounds and burns

Manuka honey is often recommended for its healing properties on wounds and burns. It has been used as a natural remedy in various cultures for thousands of years. Manuka honey contains natural antibacterial, antiseptic and antifungal properties that can help clean and heal wounds.

The antibacterial properties of Manuka honey work in different ways:

  • The acidic pH value of Manuka honey ensures that bacteria cannot survive.
  • The bioactive ingredients of Manuka honey, methylglyoxal and leptosperin, have a bactericidal effect and kill bacteria.
  • Manuka honey has a very thick consistency that prevents bacteria from multiplying and infecting wounds.
  • In addition, Manuka honey contains enzymes that have a peroxidizing effect and thus help clean the wound.

Due to its antiseptic and antifungal properties, Manuka honey can have an anti-inflammatory effect and promote wound healing. It helps to disinfect the wound and prevent wound infections.

To use Manuka honey on wounds and burns, you should first clean the wound thoroughly. Then apply a thin layer of Manuka honey directly to the affected area. Then wrap the wound in sterile bandages so that the honey is not wiped off.

Manuka honey for gastrointestinal complaints

Manuka honey has a long tradition as a remedy for gastrointestinal complaints - from upset stomachs to diarrhea. The honey is extracted from the flowers of the Manuka bush, which grows in New Zealand. According to a study published in 2015, manuka honey's antioxidant and antibacterial properties may help relieve gastrointestinal distress.

Manuka honey can help with various gastrointestinal problems, especially constipation and diarrhea. Manuka honey has been shown to improve intestinal emptying and food digestibility in cases of constipation. Manuka honey can also help regulate bowel movements and relieve symptoms if you have diarrhea.

Manuka honey works due to its antibacterial properties. It is rich in phenolic compounds, which are known to fight anaerobic bacteria and inhibit the growth of bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, Manuka honey is rich in antioxidant compounds that reduce inflammation of the gastrointestinal lining and promote healing.

Another benefit of Manuka honey is its ability to support the natural intestinal flora. A 2017 study showed that Manuka honey can improve gut microbiota and increase the number of beneficial bacteria in the gut. This can improve digestion and maintain overall gut health .

IV. How to use Manuka honey?

Manuka honey can be used in many ways. It is best to eat a few spoonfuls of honey straight from the can. This way you can quickly and easily enjoy its beneficial properties. Manuka honey can also be added to a glass of warm water for a healthy sip. It can also be used as an ingredient in tea or as an ingredient in smoothies, baked goods and sweets. Manuka honey is particularly suitable for use in cosmetic products as it nourishes and moisturizes the skin . It can also be used as a natural home remedy for minor injuries and infections.

Application of Manuka honey

Manuka honey has established itself as a miracle cure in recent years and is used in many areas. The honey comes from the Manuka plant, which is native to New Zealand, and has a very high antioxidant content compared to other types of honey. It has proven to be particularly effective in treating certain diseases and ailments.

  • Gastrointestinal problems: Manuka honey has been proven to have positive effects on stomach and intestinal health. It is believed that honey can relieve inflammation, promote blood circulation and improve intestinal flora.
  • Bacterial Infections: Manuka honey has been shown to be effective in fighting various bacterial infections. Studies have shown that honey can help kill bacteria responsible for a variety of infections.
  • Allergies: Manuka honey can also help relieve allergies as it is rich in flavonoids, which boost the immune system.
  • Colds and Flu: Honey can also be used to relieve the symptoms of colds and flu as it has antioxidant properties that strengthen and protect the body.
  • Injuries and Wounds: Manuka honey can also be used to treat injuries and wounds. The honey has been shown to have an antiseptic effect that can help kill bacteria that can prevent wounds from healing.

Dosage of Manuka honey

Manuka honey is a unique honey that is obtained from the flower nectar of the Manuka plant that grows in New Zealand. When used and dosed correctly, Manuka honey can provide a variety of benefits. Here you will find out everything you need to know about the dosage of Manuka honey.

The recommended daily dose of Manuka honey depends on your age and needs. For adults, the recommended daily dose is 1 to 2 tablespoons. Children under 12 should consume less than 1 tablespoon per day.

Before taking Manuka honey, there are a few factors to consider. Before considering increasing the dose, you should consult your doctor. It is also important that you take Manuka honey with a glass of water to take full advantage of its beneficial properties.

If you would like to take Manuka honey to support your diet, you can use a modern Manuka honey paste or a liquid Manuka honey product. A paste is easy to dispense and the measuring spoons can be made in different sizes depending on how much Manuka honey you need.

Manuka honey can also be used topically to nourish and condition the skin. In this case, the dosage depends on the amount of Manuka honey you want to apply to the affected areas.

What should I pay attention to when buying Manuka honey?

There are some important factors to consider when purchasing Manuka honey. This includes the quality and methylglyoxal content of the honey. To make sure you're buying the best honey possible, you need to do careful research.

Here are some tips that can help you:

  1. Determine the methylglyoxal content of honey. Methylglyoxal content is the most important factor when selecting Manuka honey and determines its quality. If possible, get a certificate from the manufacturer about the methylglyoxal content of the honey.
  2. Check the label. Pay attention to the best-before date, the brand and the origin of the honey. When purchasing Manuka honey, make sure it comes from New Zealand. The label should also indicate the Manuka-specific NPA (Non-Peroxide Activity) value.
  3. Only buy certified organic honey. If possible, purchase certified organic Manuka honey as it meets higher standards than conventional honey. The organic seal means that the honey has been grown to the highest standards and does not contain pesticides or other harmful chemicals.
  4. Pay attention to the color. Manuka honey is rather dark compared to other types of honey. If it is too bright, this may indicate inferior quality.

V. Risks and side effects of Manuka honey

Manuka honey can have unwanted side effects. Since it is a highly allergenic material, it can cause allergic reactions. If you suffer from a pollen allergy, Manuka honey may worsen your condition as it has similar properties to pollen. If you are allergic to bee products, you should avoid Manuka honey as it can cause allergic reactions. Manuka honey can also cause stomach and intestinal problems because it has strong antibacterial properties. It should therefore only be consumed in moderation. It can also cause dizziness due to its high sugar content. Manuka honey should not be applied directly to the skin as it can be irritating. Therefore, a doctor should always be consulted before use.

Who shouldn't use Manuka honey?

Manuka honey can be a health-promoting alternative to branded honey, but it is not suitable for everyone. Manuka honey should only be used by people who are healthy and have no health problems. People with the following health problems should not use Manuka honey:

Pregnant and breastfeeding women

Since there are currently no sufficient studies proving the safety of Manuka honey for pregnant and breastfeeding women, they should not take or use Manuka honey.

Persons under 18 years of age

Children and adolescents should also not take or use Manuka honey, as there are not yet sufficient studies to prove its safety in children.

People with allergies

Manuka honey can cause an allergic reaction, especially in people who are allergic to bee pollen. Therefore, people who are allergic to bee pollen should not take Manuka honey.

People taking certain medicines

People taking certain medications should consult their doctor before taking Manuka honey, as some medications, such as blood thinners, antibiotics, or anti-depression medications, may interact with Manuka honey.

People with autoimmune diseases

People suffering from an autoimmune disease should avoid Manuka honey as it can affect the immune system.

Can you have an allergic reaction to Manuka honey?

People who are allergic to honey or other ingredients in Manuka honey should use Manuka honey with caution. Allergies to honey are extremely rare, but can occur and should be taken seriously.

A honey allergy can cause symptoms such as hives, swelling, itching, and difficulty breathing. If you experience any of these symptoms after consuming Manuka honey, you should stop using it immediately and seek medical attention.

Manuka honey also contains other ingredients that can cause allergies. This includes

  • Pollen: Manuka honey often contains pollen from bees native to the area where the honey is produced. If you are allergic to pollen, you may also have an allergic reaction to Manuka honey.
  • Bee products: Since Manuka honey is produced by bees, you may be allergic to bee products and therefore also to Manuka honey.
  • Activity: Manuka honey contains various enzymes that give it its special effect. If you are allergic to any of these enzymes, you may develop allergic symptoms after consuming Manuka honey.

It is advisable to have an allergy test done by a doctor before taking Manuka honey as a dietary supplement. A doctor can help you determine whether you are actually allergic to Manuka honey.

VI. conclusion

Manuka honey is a special type of honey with many health benefits. It is rich in antioxidants, nutrients and antibacterial agents that help stay healthy and prevent disease. Manuka honey can be used for a variety of ailments such as sore throats, colds, wounds and gastrointestinal problems. Before using Manuka honey, the dosage instructions should be followed carefully. People who are allergic to honey should not use Manuka honey. Manuka honey is a natural and beneficial product that offers a range of health benefits and is used as a medicine in many communities around the world.


What is the difference between Manuka honey and regular honey?

Manuka honey is made from the nectar of the Manuka plant in New Zealand, while regular honey can come from various floral sources. Manuka honey is known for its high content of methylglyoxal (MGO), a naturally occurring antibacterial agent that is found in higher concentrations in Manuka honey than in regular honey.

How to check the quality of Manuka honey?

The quality of Manuka honey can be checked by the Unique Manuka Factor (UMF) or the Methylglyoxal (MGO) content. The UMF is a rating system that measures the content of MGO, leptosperin and other compounds in honey to determine antibacterial activity. The higher the UMF or MGO content, the higher the quality of the honey.

How much Manuka honey should I use?

There is no hard and fast rule as to how much Manuka honey should be used, as it depends on various factors such as the intended use, the age and health of the user. Generally, 1-2 teaspoons of Manuka honey per day is recommended, either pure or in tea, yogurt or on toast.

Can I use Manuka honey for colds?

Manuka honey can be used for colds as it has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that can help relieve symptoms such as coughs and sore throats. However, it is important to note that Manuka honey alone does not guarantee a cure and that if symptoms are severe or persistent, a doctor should be sought.

Is Manuka honey more effective than antibiotics?

Manuka honey can act as a natural antibiotic and can be just as effective as traditional antibiotics for some infections. However, there is no clear answer to the question of whether Manuka honey is always better than antibiotics, as it depends on the type of infection. It is important to note that Manuka honey alone cannot replace full treatment and that serious or persistent infections should see a doctor.

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