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What symptoms and causes can indicate a magnesium deficiency and how is it treated?

A magnesium deficiency can have various symptoms and causes. Magnesium is an essential nutrient needed for many bodily functions.


A magnesium deficiency can cause a number of symptoms:

  • tiredness and exhaustion
  • muscle cramps and pain
  • Headache
  • sleep disorders
  • confusion
  • nervousness and fear
  • cardiac arrhythmias
  • loss of appetite
  • constipation


Magnesium deficiency can arise in a number of ways. This includes

  • Unbalanced diet with too little magnesium
  • increased loss of magnesium due to diarrhea or vomiting
  • Increased magnesium requirements due to pregnancy, growth or stress
  • certain medications that lower magnesium levels in the body
  • Kidney disease, which lowers magnesium levels in the body


A magnesium deficiency can be treated by changing your diet and taking magnesium supplements. It is important that the dietary supplements are taken under medical supervision as overdose can have serious health consequences.

A balanced diet that contains sufficient magnesium is also important. Magnesium is found in many foods, such as whole grain products, nuts, seeds, beans, legumes, bananas, fish and meat.

Eating a balanced diet and taking magnesium supplements can help bring magnesium levels in the body to normal levels and relieve symptoms of magnesium deficiency.

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