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Cholesterol and cardiovascular disease: associations and prevention

Cholesterol is a type of fat found in animal products like meat, eggs, and cheese. The body needs cholesterol to build cells and produce hormones. Cholesterol is formed in the liver and can also be ingested through food.

What are cardiovascular diseases?

Cardiovascular diseases are various diseases of the heart and blood vessels. These include, for example, heart attack, stroke, high blood pressure and arteriosclerosis.

What is the link between cholesterol and cardiovascular disease?

Too high blood cholesterol levels can lead to deposits in the arteries. These deposits can impede blood flow and lead to various cardiovascular diseases. In particular, the so-called LDL cholesterol (low density lipoprotein) is considered to be harmful because it contributes to the accumulation of cholesterol in the arteries. Low HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol levels can also be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

How can you prevent cardiovascular disease?

There are several ways to prevent cardiovascular disease. A healthy diet and sufficient exercise are particularly important. Risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure and diabetes should also be treated. Regular medical check-ups can also help to identify possible diseases at an early stage.

Which foods are particularly suitable?

There are several foods that can support a healthy diet. These include, for example

  • Fruits and vegetables: They are high in vitamins, minerals and fiber that are good for the cardiovascular system.
  • Whole grains: They contain fiber and can help lower blood cholesterol levels.
  • Fish: High-fat fish such as salmon or mackerel in particular contain omega-3 fatty acids, which are also good for the cardiovascular system.
  • Nuts: They contain healthy fats and can help lower blood cholesterol levels.

Which foods should you avoid?

There are also foods that are better eaten in moderation. These include, for example

  1. High-fat foods: They can increase blood cholesterol levels and should therefore only be consumed in moderation.
  2. Sugary foods: They can increase the risk of obesity and diabetes, which in turn is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
  3. Salt: Excessive salt consumption can lead to high blood pressure, which in turn is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

cholesterol

High blood cholesterol levels can lead to various cardiovascular diseases. A healthy diet, sufficient exercise and regular check-ups can help reduce the risk of these diseases. Fruit, vegetables, whole grain products, fish and nuts are particularly recommended, while high-fat and sugary foods and excessive salt intake should be avoided".

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