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Vitamin B12 deficiency: causes, symptoms and treatment

Vitamin B12 is an essential nutrient that is necessary for many bodily functions. A lack of vitamin B12 can lead to various health problems. In this article you will learn what causes a vitamin B12 deficiency can have, which symptoms can occur and how a vitamin B12 deficiency can be treated.

Causes of a vitamin B12 deficiency

A lack of vitamin B12 can have various causes. Some causes are:

  • Vegetarian or vegan diet: Vitamin B12 is mainly found in foods of animal origin. Not eating animal products can lead to a deficiency.
  • Gastrointestinal disorders: If the body has difficulty absorbing vitamin B12 from food, a deficiency can occur. This can be the case, for example, with gastrointestinal diseases such as Crohn's disease or celiac disease.
  • Medications: Some medications, such as proton pump inhibitors or metformin, can interfere with the absorption of vitamin B12 .
  • Alcoholism: Alcohol can interfere with the absorption of vitamin B12 .

Symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency

A lack of vitamin B12 can cause various symptoms. Some symptoms are

  • tiredness and exhaustion
  • pallor and weakness
  • Numbness and tingling in hands and feet
  • depression and mood swings
  • memory and concentration disorders
  • anemia

Treatment of vitamin B12 deficiency

A vitamin B12 deficiency can be treated with a balanced diet or with vitamin B12 supplements. If the deficiency is caused by a gastrointestinal condition, treatment of the condition may be necessary.

conclusion

A lack of vitamin B12 can lead to various health problems. In order to prevent a deficiency, it is important to pay attention to a balanced diet. If a deficiency occurs, it can be remedied by targeted treatment. If you notice symptoms of a vitamin B12 deficiency, you should consult a doctor to have the cause clarified.

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